Friday, 13 February 2015

A new train, Peppercorn class Tornado

This is quite a story!

LNER Peppercorn Class A1 60163 Tornado

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LNER Class A1 Peppercorn 60163 Tornado
Tornado, 14 December 2008
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerArthur Peppercorn (original designer)
BuilderA1 Steam Locomotive Trust
Build date1994–2008
Leading wheel
3 ft 2 in (0.97 m)
Driver diameter6 ft 8 in (2.03 m)
Trailing wheel
3 ft 8 in (1.12 m)
Length72 ft 11.75 in (22.24 m)
Width9 ft 2.875 in (2.82 m)
Height13 ft (3.96 m)
Axle load22.1 long tons (22.5 t)
Weight on drivers66.55 long tons (67.62 t)
Locomotive weight105.2 long tons (106.9 t)[1]
Tender weight60.9 long tons (61.9 t)
Locomotive and tender
combined weight
166.1 long tons (168.8 t)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity7.5 long tons (7.6 t)
Water capacity6,000 imp gal (27,000 L)
BoilerDiagram 118
6 ft 5 in (1.96 m) diameter
29 ft 2 in (8.89 m) length
Boiler pressure250 psi (1,700 kPa)
Firegrate area50.0 sq ft (4.65 m2)
Heating surface:
– Tubes
1,211.6 sq ft (112.56 m2)
– Flues1,004.5 sq ft (93.32 m2)
– Firebox245.3 sq ft (22.79 m2)
– Total2,461.4 sq ft (228.67 m2)
Superheater area697.7 sq ft (64.82 m2)
Cylinder size19 in × 26 in (480 mm × 660 mm)
Performance figures
Maximum speed100 mph (160 km/h) design[2]
75 mph (121 km/h) certified
Tractive effort2,700 metric horsepower (2,000 kW)
Number(s)60163 (display)
98863 (TOPS)
Official nameTornado
Axle load classRoute availability 9
First run29 July 2008
DispositionOperational. Approved for 75 mph (121 km/h) running on Network Rail track.
60163 Tornado is a mainline steam locomotive built in Darlington, England. Completed in 2008, Tornado was the first such locomotive built in the United Kingdom since Evening Star, the last steam locomotive built by British Railways in 1960. It is the only example of an LNER Peppercorn Class A1 locomotive in existence, the entirety of the original production batch having been scrapped without preservation. The locomotive's namesake is the Panavia Tornado, a combat aircraft flown by the Royal Air Force.
Construction of Tornado began in 1994, and was based at Darlington Works for most of the project, while numerous components such as the boiler were manufactured elsewhere. The project was financed through fundraising initiatives such as public donations and sponsorship deals; further funding came from hiring out Tornado itself for special rail services. Construction was completed in 2008, and full certification of the locomotive was achieved in January 2009. Having been designed with compliance to modern safety and certification standards, Tornado has been conducting passenger services on the UK rail network and on mainline-connected heritage railways since 2008.

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